Ancient Spirits is in two sections. The slower opening is atmospheric, evoking images of Native
American flutes calling to the ancient spirits. The second section is chant-like and is influenced by
recordings of Navajo Yeibichai songs. A Yeibichai is a supernatural represented by a masked dancer in an initiation or curative ceremony. The piano chords are dissonant and steady imitating the sound of drums. While the music is repetitive, there are subtle changes to the melodic material as well as the accompanying chords.